Career Stages and Other Terms Definitions

Career Stages:

  • Student: currently enrolled in an institution
  • Recent Graduate/Post Doc: recent graduate is five years post PhD or highest equivalent terminal degree
  • Early Career: within 10 years of receiving their PhD or highest equivalent terminal degree
  • Middle Career: within 20 years of receiving their PhD or highest equivalent terminal degree
  • Senior Scientist: experienced and sustained career; established leader in their field

Other Terms:

  • Group/Team: two or more individuals
  • Developing Nations: based on World Bank countries identified as low and middle income.  Note:  The World Bank definition is based on GNI (Gross National Income).